Processes

Latest Innovations

Cobalt Precursors For Formation of Cobalt or Cobalt-Containing Material

 

Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) of cobalt requires a cobalt precursor that can be easily vaporized, leaving high-purity cobalt on a surface while causing no...

Superconformal Chemical Vapor Deposition

 

Manufacturers can not achieve superconformal (bottom-up) filling of high aspect ratio features by a modified chemical vapor deposition method. The CVD precursor...

Metal-Assisted Etching for Improved Porous Semiconductors

 

The invention is a novel method for manufacturing porous semiconductors, including silicon (Si), gallium nitride (GaN) and silicon carbide (SiC). The method...

Generator of Atom Clusters

 

An apparatus and a method for producing atom clusters based on a gas discharge within a hollow cathode. The hollow cathode includes one or more walls. The one or...

Self-Assessing Mechanochromic Materials

 

Polymer materials are ubiquitous in everyday life and are used in various applications (medical, automobile, electronics, structural, etc.). These materials...

Visual Indication of Mechanical Damage Using Microcapsule Systems

 

A self-indicating material system may include a solid polymer matrix having a first color, a first plurality of capsules in the matrix, and a plurality of...

Dual-Electrode Field-injection Electrohydrodynamic Spraying System

 

An electrohydrodynamic spray apparatus includes a liquid inlet and a spray nozzle in fluid communication with the liquid inlet, where the spray nozzle has an...

Poly(dimethylsiloxane)-based Microfluidic Devices: Sensors and Fuel Cells

 

A microfluidic electrochemical reactor includes an electrode and one or more microfluidic channels on the electrode, where the microfluidic channels are covered...

String Protection for Photovoltaic Cells

Hot-spotting is a common problem in solar panel configurations that can potentially damage photovoltaic cells by forcing the conduction of reverse current in shaded or...

Colloidal Polymer Adsorbent for Removing Natural Organic Matter from Drinking Water Supplies

 

This purification technology offers a more environmentally friendly and economically competitive method for purifying drinking water supplies.

To create the...

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